First KRP European Conference to be held in Frankfurt, Germany (26 to 28 September, 2013)
The symposium to be conducted within the 11th Society of Neuroscience in Africa (SONA) Conference
The fourth KRP international symposium will take place in Rabat, Morocco, as part of the 11th Society of Neuroscience in Africa (SONA) Conference. The symposium will provide latest updates on the status of global khat research activities. The symposium will be cochaired by Professor Mustafa al’Absi, Director of the KRP and Director of Behavioral Medicine Laboratories at the University of Minnesota, and Dr. Abdul Mohammed, Professor at Linnaeus Univ. & at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. The discussant will be professor Richard Hoffman from the University of Minnesota, U.S.A.
Chair: Prof. Mustafa al’Absi, University of Minnesota Medical School, U.S.A., Director, KRP
The symposium will include the following presentations:
Cochair: Prof. Abdul H. Mohammed, Linnaeus Univ. & Karolinska Instit, Sweden
Discussant: Prof. Richard Hoffman, University of Minnesota Medical School, U.S.A.,
Mustafa al’Absi (University of Minnesota). Introductory remarks and review of KRP activities
Kalson M. Jama*, Paul Nduati, Anne Muriithi, Teressia Kinyari, Nilesh B. Patel (University of Nairobi, Kenya). Cognitive effects of binge-dose (neurotoxic) and escalating dose of khat extract treatment in mice.
Albert Wafula Nyongesa (University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya). Neural and hormonal interplay influencing behaviour following acute and sub-chronic cathinone administration in vervet monkeys (chlorocebus aethiops).
Abed Naji K. Al Sameai, Motohiro Nakaima, Anisa Dokam, Mohammed alSoofi, Najat Saym Khalil, Mustafa al’Absi (Taiz University, Sana’a University, Yemen, and University of Minnesota, U.S.A.). Influence of chronic khat use on quality of sleep in habitual khat users in Yemen.
Ayalu A. Reda (Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia). Khat chewing and the risk for sexual initiation among school adolescents in Ethiopia: A case-control study.
Khat (Catha edulis) is a stimulant plant native to tropical East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It is widely used in East Africa and the Middle East and among immigrant communities in Europe, North America, and Australia. Khat is a controlled substance in many countries, but is legally available in many others. The principal psychoactive constituent of khat is the alkaloid cathinone. Experimental studies in animals show that cathinone induces many of the pharmacological and behavioural effects similar to those of amphetamine. The Khat Research Program (KRP) is a multidisciplinary research and training program that was developed to address critical questions related to the understanding of acute and chronic effects of khat use on health and brain functions. The program is partially funded by the National Institutes of Health and the University of Minnesota. The initial phase of the program focuses on neurobehavioral and health effects of chronic khat use. The KRP forms the core model for future research initiatives on khat and concurrent use of other substances, including tobacco and alcohol. The program is conducted in collaboration with multiple universities in the U.S., Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.